HAARP is no longer the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world, HIPAS is the new king sporting a greater than TEN GIGAWATT ERP Tesla coil laser injected badass VLF dipole Antenna!

HAARP is no longer the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world, HIPAS is the new king sporting a greater than TEN GIGAWATT ERP Tesla coil laser injected badass VLF dipole Antenna! Oh yeah, the paper also mentions http://haarp-gw.haarp.alaska.edu/ "HAARP-GW" "Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array" "Abstract. Interesting, “new”, very high peak-power pulsed radio frequency (RF) antennas have been assembled at the HIPAS Observatory (Alaska, USA) and also at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA, USA); namely, a pair of quarter wavelength (λ/4) long cylindrical conductors separated by a high voltage spark gap. Such a combination can radiate multi-megawatt RF pulses whenever the spark gap ﬁres. The antenna at HIPAS is 53 m long (λ/2) with a central pressurized SF6 spark gap. It is mounted 5 meters (λ/21) above a ground plane. It radiates at 2.85 MHz. The two antenna halves are charged to ± high voltages by a Tesla coil. Spark gap voltages of 0.4 MV (at the instant of spark gap closure) give peak RF currents of ∼1200A which correspond to ∼ 14 MW peak total radiated power, or ∼56 MW of Effective Radiated Power (ERP). The RF pulse train is initially square, decaying exponentially in time with Qs of ∼50. Two similar but smaller 80-MHz antennas were assembled at UCLA to demonstrate their synchronization with a pulsed laser which ﬁred the spark gaps in the two antennas simultanoeously. These experiments show that one can anticipate a pulsed array of laser synchronized antennas having a coherent Effective Radiated Power (ERP)>10 GW. One can even reconsider a pulse array radiating at 1.43 MHz which corresponds to the electron gyrofrequency in the Earth’s magnetic ﬁeld at ∼200 km altitude. These “new” pulsed high power antennas are hauntingly similar to the ones used originally by Hertz (1857–1894) during his (1886–1889) seminal veri- ﬁcations of Maxwell’s (1864) theory of electrodynamics ... Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array. Preliminary analysis dismissed pulsed electron tubes as too costly, even though HIPAS already had two 3 MW Machlett ML-7560 triodes. Pulsed ∼30 MW RF “frozen wave transmission lines” were considered next (Weibel, 1964) (Liette, 1965) (Stephan, Hugrass, and Jones, 1982). A twenty cycle L–C line, consisting of 60 50-kV–8 nF ($250 each) capacitors, was designed. This approach was abandoned in favor of the simpler “frozen voltage” generator used originally by Hertz; namely, a pair of oppositely charged high voltage quarter wave long antennas separated by a spark gap ... These experiments clearly showed that a coherent array of laser triggered pulsed Hertzian radiators could be assembled that can match or exceed the peak power of the new HAARP system for a fraction of its cost. http://www.ann-geophys.net/23/101/2005/angeo-23-101-2005.pdf also see: http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/em/lectures/node94.html http://www.terraforminginc.com/

HAARP is no longer the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world, HIPAS is the new king sporting a greater than TEN GIGAWATT ERP Tesla coil laser injected badass VLF dipole Antenna! Oh yeah, the paper also mentions http://haarp-gw.haarp.alaska.edu/ "HAARP-GW"

"Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would

match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array"

"Abstract. Interesting, “new”, very high peak-power pulsed

radio frequency (RF) antennas have been assembled at the

HIPAS Observatory (Alaska, USA) and also at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA, USA); namely, a

pair of quarter wavelength (λ/4) long cylindrical conductors

separated by a high voltage spark gap. Such a combination

can radiate multi-megawatt RF pulses whenever the spark

gap ﬁres. The antenna at HIPAS is 53 m long (λ/2) with a

central pressurized SF6 spark gap. It is mounted 5 meters

(λ/21) above a ground plane. It radiates at 2.85 MHz. The

two antenna halves are charged to ± high voltages by a Tesla

coil. Spark gap voltages of 0.4 MV (at the instant of spark

gap closure) give peak RF currents of ∼1200A which correspond to ∼ 14 MW peak total radiated power, or ∼56 MW

of Effective Radiated Power (ERP). The RF pulse train is initially square, decaying exponentially in time with Qs of ∼50.

Two similar but smaller 80-MHz antennas were assembled

at UCLA to demonstrate their synchronization with a pulsed

laser which ﬁred the spark gaps in the two antennas simultanoeously. These experiments show that one can anticipate a

pulsed array of laser synchronized antennas having a coherent Effective Radiated Power (ERP)>10 GW. One can even

reconsider a pulse array radiating at 1.43 MHz which corresponds to the electron gyrofrequency in the Earth’s magnetic

ﬁeld at ∼200 km altitude. These “new” pulsed high power

antennas are hauntingly similar to the ones used originally

by Hertz (1857–1894) during his (1886–1889) seminal veri-

ﬁcations of Maxwell’s (1864) theory of electrodynamics

...

Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would

match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array. Preliminary

analysis dismissed pulsed electron tubes as too costly, even

though HIPAS already had two 3 MW Machlett ML-7560 triodes. Pulsed ∼30 MW RF “frozen wave transmission lines”

were considered next (Weibel, 1964) (Liette, 1965) (Stephan,

Hugrass, and Jones, 1982). A twenty cycle L–C line, consisting of 60 50-kV–8 nF ($250 each) capacitors, was designed.

This approach was abandoned in favor of the simpler “frozen

voltage” generator used originally by Hertz; namely, a pair

of oppositely charged high voltage quarter wave long antennas separated by a spark gap

...

These experiments clearly showed that a coherent array of

laser triggered pulsed Hertzian radiators could be assembled

that can match or exceed the peak power of the new HAARP

system for a fraction of its cost.

http://www.ann-geophys.net/23/101/2005/angeo-23-101-2005.pdf

also see:

http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/em/lectures/node94.html

HAARP is no longer the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world, HIPAS is the new king sporting a greater than TEN GIGAWATT ERP Tesla coil laser injected badass VLF dipole Antenna! Oh yeah, the paper also mentions http://haarp-gw.haarp.alaska.edu/ "HAARP-GW" "Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array" "Abstract. Interesting, “new”, very high peak-power pulsed radio frequency (RF) antennas have been assembled at the HIPAS Observatory (Alaska, USA) and also at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA, USA); namely, a pair of quarter wavelength (λ/4) long cylindrical conductors separated by a high voltage spark gap. Such a combination can radiate multi-megawatt RF pulses whenever the spark gap ﬁres. The antenna at HIPAS is 53 m long (λ/2) with a central pressurized SF6 spark gap. It is mounted 5 meters (λ/21) above a ground plane. It radiates at 2.85 MHz. The two antenna halves are charged to ± high voltages by a Tesla coil. Spark gap voltages of 0.4 MV (at the instant of spark gap closure) give peak RF currents of ∼1200A which correspond to ∼ 14 MW peak total radiated power, or ∼56 MW of Effective Radiated Power (ERP). The RF pulse train is initially square, decaying exponentially in time with Qs of ∼50. Two similar but smaller 80-MHz antennas were assembled at UCLA to demonstrate their synchronization with a pulsed laser which ﬁred the spark gaps in the two antennas simultanoeously. These experiments show that one can anticipate a pulsed array of laser synchronized antennas having a coherent Effective Radiated Power (ERP)>10 GW. One can even reconsider a pulse array radiating at 1.43 MHz which corresponds to the electron gyrofrequency in the Earth’s magnetic ﬁeld at ∼200 km altitude. These “new” pulsed high power antennas are hauntingly similar to the ones used originally by Hertz (1857–1894) during his (1886–1889) seminal veri- ﬁcations of Maxwell’s (1864) theory of electrodynamics ... Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array. Preliminary analysis dismissed pulsed electron tubes as too costly, even though HIPAS already had two 3 MW Machlett ML-7560 triodes. Pulsed ∼30 MW RF “frozen wave transmission lines” were considered next (Weibel, 1964) (Liette, 1965) (Stephan, Hugrass, and Jones, 1982). A twenty cycle L–C line, consisting of 60 50-kV–8 nF ($250 each) capacitors, was designed. This approach was abandoned in favor of the simpler “frozen voltage” generator used originally by Hertz; namely, a pair of oppositely charged high voltage quarter wave long antennas separated by a spark gap ... These experiments clearly showed that a coherent array of laser triggered pulsed Hertzian radiators could be assembled that can match or exceed the peak power of the new HAARP system for a fraction of its cost. http://www.ann-geophys.net/23/101/2005/angeo-23-101-2005.pdf also see: http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/em/lectures/node94.html http://www.terraforminginc.com/

HAARP is no longer the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world, HIPAS is the new king sporting a greater than TEN GIGAWATT ERP Tesla coil laser injected badass VLF dipole Antenna! Oh yeah, the paper also mentions http://haarp-gw.haarp.alaska.edu/ "HAARP-GW"

"Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would

match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array"

"Abstract. Interesting, “new”, very high peak-power pulsed

radio frequency (RF) antennas have been assembled at the

HIPAS Observatory (Alaska, USA) and also at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA, USA); namely, a

pair of quarter wavelength (λ/4) long cylindrical conductors

separated by a high voltage spark gap. Such a combination

can radiate multi-megawatt RF pulses whenever the spark

gap ﬁres. The antenna at HIPAS is 53 m long (λ/2) with a

central pressurized SF6 spark gap. It is mounted 5 meters

(λ/21) above a ground plane. It radiates at 2.85 MHz. The

two antenna halves are charged to ± high voltages by a Tesla

coil. Spark gap voltages of 0.4 MV (at the instant of spark

gap closure) give peak RF currents of ∼1200A which correspond to ∼ 14 MW peak total radiated power, or ∼56 MW

of Effective Radiated Power (ERP). The RF pulse train is initially square, decaying exponentially in time with Qs of ∼50.

Two similar but smaller 80-MHz antennas were assembled

at UCLA to demonstrate their synchronization with a pulsed

laser which ﬁred the spark gaps in the two antennas simultanoeously. These experiments show that one can anticipate a

pulsed array of laser synchronized antennas having a coherent Effective Radiated Power (ERP)>10 GW. One can even

reconsider a pulse array radiating at 1.43 MHz which corresponds to the electron gyrofrequency in the Earth’s magnetic

ﬁeld at ∼200 km altitude. These “new” pulsed high power

antennas are hauntingly similar to the ones used originally

by Hertz (1857–1894) during his (1886–1889) seminal veri-

ﬁcations of Maxwell’s (1864) theory of electrodynamics

...

Last year, the HIPAS group was asked to consider the implementation of an inexpensive pulsed RF system that would

match the ERP of the new GW-HAARP array. Preliminary

analysis dismissed pulsed electron tubes as too costly, even

though HIPAS already had two 3 MW Machlett ML-7560 triodes. Pulsed ∼30 MW RF “frozen wave transmission lines”

were considered next (Weibel, 1964) (Liette, 1965) (Stephan,

Hugrass, and Jones, 1982). A twenty cycle L–C line, consisting of 60 50-kV–8 nF ($250 each) capacitors, was designed.

This approach was abandoned in favor of the simpler “frozen

voltage” generator used originally by Hertz; namely, a pair

of oppositely charged high voltage quarter wave long antennas separated by a spark gap

...

These experiments clearly showed that a coherent array of

laser triggered pulsed Hertzian radiators could be assembled

that can match or exceed the peak power of the new HAARP

system for a fraction of its cost.

http://www.ann-geophys.net/23/101/2005/angeo-23-101-2005.pdf

also see:

http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/em/lectures/node94.html