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BREAKING:672 Dead And Rising! Pandemic! Pestilence! Ebola Outbreak!

posted Jul 27, 2014 22:50:19 by RickMatheson

“At least 59 out of 80 who contracted Ebola across the West African country have died so far. Over the past few days, the deadly hemorrhagic fever has quickly spread from the communities of Macenta, Gueckedou, and Kissidougou to the capital, Conakry,” UNICEF said in a statement emailed to AFP.


Considering Conakry has a population of around 2 million, this could mean we have a major pandemic on our hands if the virus hits the city. Some people in the city have experienced hemorrhagic fever, a side effect of Ebola, however the doctors are claiming its not due to the virus, but the cause of the fever is yet to be determined.

Considering Conakry has a population of around 2 million, this could mean we have a major pandemic on our hands if the virus hits the city. Some people in the city have experienced hemorrhagic fever, a side effect of Ebola, however the doctors are claiming its not due to the virus, but the cause of the fever is yet to be determined.



The Ebola virus is known to spread quickly and without warning and has a kill rate between 25-90% of its victims.



To date, no treatment or vaccine is available for Ebola, so those who catch it are plain out of luck.



The symptoms of Ebola range from flu-like pains to internal and external bleeding caused by kidney and liver failures.



Humans can catch the disease from bats, gorillas and forest antelope and then it is spread between humans through contact with infected blood, bodily fluids and tissue.



The last major outbreak of the Zaire strain was in 2007, when 187 people died in the Democratic Republic of Congo – a case fatality rate of 74 percent.

For More Information:

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/24/us-guinea-ebola-idUSBREA2L0MI20140324?feedType=RSS

http://news.yahoo.com/ebola-epidemic-spreads-guineas-capital-173304833.html;_ylt=AwrSyCOmkS9TERgAq1_QtDMD

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/02/us-health-ebola-westafrica-redcross-idUSKBN0F714220140702?
Fear and cash shortages hinder fight against Ebola outbreak
By Kwasi Kpodo
ACCRA Wed Jul 2, 2014 12:41pm EDT

(Reuters) - West African states lack the resources to battle the world's worst outbreak of Ebola and deep cultural suspicions about the disease remain a big obstacle to halting its spread, ministers said on Wednesday.

The outbreak has killed 467 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone since February, making it the largest and deadliest ever, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

West African Health ministers meeting in Ghana to draw up a regional response mixed appeals for cash with warnings of the practices that have allowed the disease to spread across borders and into cities.

Abubakarr Fofanah, deputy health minister for Sierra Leone, a country with one of the world's weakest health systems, said cash was needed for drugs, basic protective gear and staff pay.

"In Liberia, our biggest challenge is denial, fear and panic. Our people are very much afraid of the disease," Bernice Dahn, Liberia's deputy health minister, told Reuters on the sidelines of the Accra meeting.

"People are afraid but do not believe that the disease exists and because of that people get sick and the community members hide them and bury them, against all the norms we have put in place," she said.

Authorities are trying to stop relatives of Ebola victims from giving them traditional funerals, which often involve the manual washing of the body, out of fear of spreading the infection. The dead are instead meant to be buried by health staff wearing protective gear.

Neighboring Sierra Leone faces many of the same problems, with dozens of those infected evading treatment, complicating efforts to trace cases.

RED CROSS STAFF THREATENED

The Red Cross in Guinea said it had been forced to temporarily suspend some operations in the country's southeast after staff working on Ebola were threatened.

"Locals wielding knives surrounded a marked Red Cross vehicle," a Red Cross official said, asking not to be named. The official said operations had been halted for safety reasons. The Red Cross later said only international staff were removed.

A Medecins Sans Frontieres center in Guinea was attacked by youths in April after staff were accused of bringing the disease into the country.

<For a map of the region affected by Ebola, please click on link.http://reuters.com/fyj32w >

Ebola causes fever, vomiting, bleeding and diarrhoea and kills up to 90 percent of those it infects. Highly contagious, it is transmitted through contact with blood or other fluids.

WHO has flagged three main factors driving its spread: the burial of victims in accordance with tradition, the dense populations around the capital cities of Guinea and Liberia and the bustling cross-border trade across the region.

Yep there's STILL an epidemic of Ebola and it's coming to your town soon ....

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jul/27/us-doctor-liberia-tests-positive-ebola
Ebola crisis: infected US doctor receives intensive treatment in Liberia


Associated Press in Boone, North Carolina
theguardian.com, Sunday 27 July 2014 12.46 EDT

An American doctor is receiving intensive medical treatment in Liberia after he was infected with the deadly Ebola virus while treating patients in the West African nation, a spokeswoman for an aid organisation said on Sunday.

Dr Kent Brantly was in stable condition, talking with his doctors and working on his computer while receiving care at a hospital in the Liberian capital of Monrovia, said Melissa Strickland, a spokeswoman for North Carolina-based Samaritan's Purse.

Strickland cautioned that Brantly is "not out of the woods yet”. She said patients have a better chance of survival if they receive treatment immediately after being infected, which Brantly did.

Brantly, 33, has been working with Samaritan's Purse in Liberia since October 2013 as part of the group's post-residency programme for doctors, Strickland said. He is the medical director for the aid organisation's case management centre in the city.

...
The highly contagious Ebola virus is one of the most deadly diseases in the world. Photos of Brantly working in Liberia show him in white coveralls made of a synthetic material that he wore for hours a day while treating Ebola patients.

...

The deadly disease has killed at least 672 people in several African countries since the outbreak began earlier this year. A government official said on Sunday that one of Liberia's most high-profile doctors has died of Ebola, highlighting the risks facing health workers trying to combat the deadly disease.

Dr Samuel Brisbane is the first Liberian doctor to die in an outbreak the World Health Organisation says has killed 129 people in the West African nation. A Ugandan doctor working in the country died earlier this month.

Last week a Liberian man died of Ebola in the Nigerian city of Lagos, the first confirmed case in Africa's biggest city of 21 million people.

Nigerian health authorities, anxious to stop the spread of the disease, are concerned that the sick man had boarded an international flight. Officials in Togo, where the sick man's flight had a stopover, also went on high alert after learning that Ebola could possibly have spread to a fifth country.
...
International airports in Nigeria are screening passengers arriving from foreign countries for symptoms of Ebola, said Yakubu Dati, a spokesman for the Federal Aviation Authority of Nigeria.
...
Doctors say health screens could be effective, but Ebola has a variable incubation period of between two and 21 days and cannot be diagnosed on the spot.
..

Authorities announced on Friday that blood tests from the Lagos University teaching hospital confirmed Sawyer died of Ebola earlier that day. Sawyer reportedly did not show Ebola symptoms when he boarded the plane.

Nearly 50 other passengers on the flight are being monitored for signs of Ebola but are not being kept in isolation, said an employee at Nigeria's ministry of health, who insisted on anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to the media.
...
Sawyer's sister also died of Ebola in Liberia, according to Liberian officials, but Sawyer claimed to have had no contact with her.

Ebola is highly contagious and kills more than 70% of people infected. It is passed by touching bodily fluids of patients even after they die.

New Scientist

Ebola virus could be synthesised
19:00 17 July 2002
Sylvia Pagàn Westphal, Boston

The technique used to create the first synthetic polio virus, revealed last week, could be also used to recreate Ebola or the 1918 flu strain that killed up to 40 million people, experts have told New Scientist.

What is even more worrying is that there are easier ways of recreating microbes. You can simply add key genes to a close relative. The key in all cases is knowing the genetic sequence. That raises fundamental questions about the wisdom of publishing the genomes of deadly pathogens on the internet (see New Scientist magazine, 20 July, p 7).

To recreate polio, the team at Stony Brook University in New York bought bits of its sequence from companies that make any piece of DNA to order. At the moment, only short stretches of DNA can be custom-made, so the team had to assemble the genome, which is about 7500 base pairs long, by stitching together sequences of about 70 base pairs. When copies of the genome were made into RNA in a quick lab reaction and put into a vial full of cellular components that mimic a human cell, out came perfectly formed viral particles.

Dramatic as it sounds, this was no scientific tour de force. All the steps are routinely followed in thousands of labs worldwide. That means anyone armed with the knowledge of a virus's sequence, some science training and a few common tools could recreate the virus in a test tube. "What is shocking to people is that, suddenly, it's a reality," says Eckard Wimmer, leader of the team.
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[Last edited Jul 27, 2014 22:54:31]
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